PLEASE READ! Signs of Lung Cancer:
Nail clubbing, also known as digital clubbing, is a deformity of the finger or toe nails associated with a number of diseases, mostly of the heart and lungs.
When clubbing is encountered in patients, doctors will seek to identify its cause. They usually accomplish this by obtaining a medical history particular attention is paid to lung, heart, and gastrointestinal conditions and conducting a clinical examination, which may disclose associated features relevant to a diagnosis. Additional studies such as a chest X-ray and a chest CT-scan may also be performed.
Clubbing is associated with:1️/ Lung disease:Lung cancer, Interstitial lung disease most commonly fibrosing alveolitis, Complicated tuberculosisSuppurative lung disease: lung abscess, empyema, bronchiectasis, cystic fibrosis2️ / Heart disease:Any disease featuring chronic hypoxia, congenital cyanotic heart disease (most common cardiac cause), subacute bacterial endocarditis , atrial myxoma (benign tumor), tetralogy of Fallot3️ / Gastrointestinal and hepatobiliary:Malabsorption, crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, cirrhosis, especially in primary biliary cirrhosis, Hepatopulmonary syndrome, a complication of cirrhosis.Others:Graves’ disease (autoimmune hyperthyroidism)